99 Names of Allah

99 Names of Allah

Allah has described Himself in the Quran through His Names and Attributes. Muslims believe that studying these Names and Attributes is one of the most effective ways of strengthening one’s relationship with God. Each Name and Attribute nourishes a kind of consciousness and humility in man and their study leads one to constantly better their actions.

“The most beautiful names belong to Allah: so call on Him by them.” (Quran, 7:180)

Muslims are asked to call upon God during their supplications by the most appropriate names that relate to what they are asking for. For example, if one is seeking forgiveness from God for a sin they have committed, they would call upon Him by His name “Al-Ghaffar,” meaning “The Ever Forgiving.” If one is asking for peace and tranquility in their life while experiencing a period of tension, they would call on God by His name “As-Salaam,” meaning “The Ultimate Source of Peace.”

God’s Names Relating to Mercy

The primary Names of Allah specifically dealing with Mercy are Ar-Rahman and Ar-Rahim. These two names frequently occur together in the Qur’an. They are both derived from the same root word rahmah which means mercy and also has elements of sympathy, kindness, gentleness, compassion and love intertwined with it. As with all the Names of Allah, these are Names of majesty and perfection. Allah therefore manifests these qualities to the most perfect level with His Creation. Ar-Rahman signifies a flood of mercy that covers us and is endless.

The mercy we see in this world which Allah has put among His Creation is just a hundredth of all His Mercy. Examples of mercy that we see in His creation includes the love a mother has for her child (human and otherwise), the eyes with which we are able to see, the food which we are provided to consume, the generosity and kindness we show to others.

Can we image what life would be like if these things, that we often take for granted, did not exist? When we realize that this is only a small portion of His Mercy, we learn to better appreciate (although we cannot comprehend) the extent of His Mercy. The other 99 parts are for the Day of Judgment and the Hereafter, when God provides shade for the believers, makes their accounting easy, and admits them to Paradise.*

God’s Mercy comes before and prevails over His Anger. We take refuge in His Mercy from His Wrath.

Say: O my servants who have acted extravagantly against their own souls, do not despair of the mercy of Allah; surely Allah forgives the faults altogether; surely He is the Forgiving the Merciful” (Quran, 39:53).

Allah’s name “Al-Ghaffar,” meaning “The Ever Forgiving,” is related to His Mercy. If one is sincere in asking for forgiveness from Allah, there is no sin that it too great for Him to forgive. When asking for forgiveness, a person would ask directly of God and there is no intermediary or religious cleric that would intervene. Islam has the principle that one has a direct relationship with God and one should learn to have dependence, faith and trust in Him for all their affairs.

People will enter Paradise by the Mercy of God

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is reported to have said that no man’s good deeds are alone enough to get him admitted into Paradise, but it is only by the Mercy of God that people will enter Paradise. Our deeds are a tool to get close to God to a place where we can be hopeful of His Mercy. (Read more: Life After Death)

Some other Names of Allah that are related to His Mercy (with rough translations) are Al-Karim (the Generous), Al-Halim (the Forbearing), Al-Barr (the Generous), Al-Jawwad (the Bestower of Good), Ar-Rauf (the Kind) and Al-Wahhab (the Bestower).

#Arabic TransliterationTranslation (can vary based on context)Quranic Usage
1Ar-RahmanThe All Beneficent, The Most Merciful in Essence, The Compassionate, The Most GraciousBeginning of every chapter except one, and in numerous other places
2Ar-RahimThe Most Merciful, The Most Merciful in ActionsBeginning of every chapter except one, and in numerous other places
3Al-MalikThe King, The Sovereign, The True and Ultimate King59:23, 20:114
4Al-QuddusThe Most Holy, The Most Pure, The Most Perfect59:23,62:1
5As-SalaamThe Peace and Blessing, The Source of Peace and Safety, The Most Perfect59:23
6Al-Mu’minThe Guarantor, The Self Affirming, The Granter of Security, The Affirmer of Truth59:23
7Al-MuhayminThe Guardian, The Preserver, The Overseeing Protector59:23
8Al-AzizThe Almighty, The Self Sufficient, The Most Honorable3:64:158,9:4048:7, 59:23
9Al-JabbarThe Powerful, The Irresistible, The Compeller, The Most Lofty, The Restorer/Improver of Affairs59:23
10Al-MutakabbirThe Tremendous59:23
11Al-KhaliqThe Creator6:102, 13:1639:6240:6259:24
12Al-Bari’The Rightful59:24
13Al-MusawwirThe Fashioner of Forms59:24
14Al-GhaffarThe Ever Forgiving20:8238:6639:540:4271:10
15Al-QahharThe All Compelling Subduer13:1614:4838:65, 39:4, 40:16
16Al-WahhabThe Bestower3:838:938:35
17Ar-RazzaqThe Ever Providing51:58
18Al-FattahThe Opener, The Victory Giver34:26
19Al-AlimThe All Knowing, The Omniscient2:158, 3:924:3524:41, 33:40
20Al-QabidThe Restrainer, The Straightener2:245
21Al-BasitThe Expander, The Munificent2:245
22Al-KhafidThe Abaser95:5
23Ar-Rafi‘eThe Exalter58:11, 6:83
24Al-Mu‘ezzThe Giver of Honour3:26
25Al-MudhellThe Giver of Dishonour3:26
26As-Sami‘eThe All Hearing2:1272:256, 8:17, 49:1
27Al-BasirThe All Seeing4:5817:142:1142:27
28Al-HakamThe Judge, The Arbitrator22:69
29Al-`AdlThe Utterly Just6:115
30Al-LateefThe Subtly Kind6:103, 22:63, 31:1633:34
31Al-KhabeerThe All Aware6:18, 17:30, 49:1359:18
32Al-HaleemThe Forbearing, The Indulgent2:235, 17:4422:5935:41
33Al-AzeemThe Magnificent, The Infinite2:255, 42:456:96
34Al-GhafoorThe All Forgiving2:1738:6916:11041:32
35Ash-ShakoorThe Grateful35:3035:3442:2364:17
36Al-AliyyThe Sublimely Exalted4:3431:3042:442:51
37Al-KabeerThe Great13:922:6231:30
38Al-HafeezThe Preserver11:5734:2142:6
39Al-MuqeetThe Nourisher4:85
40Al-HasibThe Reckoner4:64:86, 33:39
41Al-JaleelThe Majestic55:2739:147:143
42Al-KarimThe Bountiful, The Generous27:4082:6
43Ar-RaqibThe Watchful4:15:117
44Al-MujibThe Responsive, The Answerer11:61
45Al-Wasse‘eThe Vast, The All Encompassing2:2683:735:54
46Al-HakeemThe Wise31:2746:257:166:2
47Al-WadudThe Loving, The Kind One11:9085:14
48Al-MajeedThe All Glorious11:73
49Al-Ba’ithThe Raiser of The Dead22:7
50Ash-ShaheedThe Witness4:16622:1741:5348:28
51Al-HaqqThe Truth, The Real6:6222:623:11624:25
52Al-WakeelThe Trustee, The Dependable3:1734:17128:2873:9
53Al-QaweeThe Strong22:4022:7442:1957:25
54Al-MateenThe Firm, The Steadfast51:58
55Al-WaleeThe Protecting Friend, Patron and Helper4:457:19642:2845:19
56Al-HamidThe All Praiseworthy14:831:1231:2641:42
57Al-MuhsiThe Accounter, The Numberer of All72:2878:2982:10-12
58Al-Mubdi’The Producer, Originator, and Initiator of All10:3427:6429:1985:13
59Al-Mu‘idThe Reinstater Who Brings Back All10:3427:6429:1985:13
60Al-MuhyiThe Giver of Life7:15815:2330:5057:2
61Al-MumitThe Bringer of Death, The Destroyer3:1567:15815:2357:2
62Al-HayyThe Ever Living2:2553:225:5840:65
63Al-QayyumThe Self Subsisting Sustainer of All2:2553:220:111
64Al-WajidThe Perceiver, The Finder, The Unfailing38:44
65Al-MajidThe Illustrious, The Magnificent85:15,11:73
66Al-WahidThe One, The Unique, Manifestation of Unity2:1635:739:3118:110
67Al-AhadThe One, the All Inclusive, The Indivisible112:1
68As-SamadThe Self Sufficient, The Impregnable,
The Eternally Besought of All, The Everlasting
69Al-QadirThe All Able6:6536:8146:3375:40
70Al-MuqtadirThe All Determiner, The Dominant18:4554:4254:55
71Al-MuqaddimThe Expediter, He Who Brings Forward16:6117:34
72Al-Mu’akhirThe Delayer, He Who Puts Far Away71:4
73Al-AwwalThe First57:3
74Al-AkhirThe Last57:3
75Az-ZahirThe Manifest, The All Victorious57:3
76Al-BatinThe Hidden, The All Encompassing57:3
77Al-WaaliThe Patron57:313:11, 22:7
78Al-Muta’aliThe Self Exalted13:9
79Al-BarrThe Most Kind and Righteous52:28
80At-TawwabThe Ever Returning, Ever Relenting2:1284:6449:12110:3
81Al-MuntaqimThe Avenger32:2243:4144:16
82Al-‘AfuwwThe Pardoner, The Effacer of Sins4:994:14922:60
83Ar-Ra’ufThe Compassionate, The All Pitying3:309:11757:959:10
84Malik-al-MulkThe Owner of All Sovereignty3:26
85Dhu-al-Jalaliwa-al-IkramThe Lord of Majesty and Generosity55:27,
86Al-MuqsitThe Equitable, The Requiter7:29, 3:18
87Al-Jami‘eThe Gatherer, The Unifier3:9
88Al-GhaniThe All Rich, The Independent3:9739:747:3857:24
89Al-MughniThe Enricher, The Emancipator9:28
90Al-Mani’eThe Withholder, The Shielder, the Defender67:21
91Ad-DarrThe Distressor, The Harmer, The AfflictorThis attribute can only be found in hadith6:17
92An-Nafi‘eThe Propitious, The Benefactor 
93An-NurThe Light24:35
94Al-HadiThe Guide25:31
95Al-BadiThe Incomparable, The Originator2:1176:101
96Al-BaqiThe Ever Enduring and Immutable20:73
97Al-WarithThe Heir, The Inheritor of All15:23
98Ar-RashidThe Guide, Infallible Teacher and Knower2:256
99As-SaburThe Patient, The Timeless.